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Bhutan still has pristine and diverse habitats that sustain quality birdlife. Majority of the bird habitats are forests, and a tiny portion of the habitats includes freshwater rivers, marshlands and savannah grasslands. 


Protected Area Habitats

  • About 51 percent of the country’s total area is a network of protected parks, reserve, sanctuaries and biological corridors for the free movement of wildlife (DoFPS, 2019). Type of protected areas are:

    •  5 National Parks (transboundary parks)

    • 1 Reserve

    • 4 Wildlife Sanctuaries

    • 11 Biological corridors

  • Flora and Fauna: One of the top ranking biodiversity in the world, Bhutan is known to have over 745 species of birds, 5,600 species of plants (94% native species) and about 200 species of mammals (27 of them are globally threatened).

Habitat's vegetation and elevation 


  • Tropical/Subtropical: Semi-evergreen, deciduous broadleaved forests and chir pine forests in various pockets (100-2,000m) with savannah grasslands at elevation less than 500m.

  • Temperate: Warm and cool broadleaved mixed with conifer temperate forests, blue pine, fir forests (2,000-4,000m).

  • Alpine: Alpine meadows and scrubs of juniper, rhododendron, medicinal and herbs (above 4,000m), (MOAF, 2014).

River scene.jpg
Important Bird Areas 

  • 23 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) consisting of various habitats.

  • The tropical/subtropical habitats are rich and healthy in bird diversity, and the temperate habitats are second rich in bird diversity.

Important Bird Areas in Bhutan.jpg
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